4 Grounding Techniques to Combat Anxiety and Depression Caused by Trauma
You’re going about your day, mind whirring with thoughts, when one of them suddenly comes to the forefront. It’s a triggering memory that sends you into a tailspin. Your breath becomes shallow, you feel dizzy, you begin to sweat—the anxiety cycle has begun.
What do you do next? If you listen to your limbic system then you’ll do whatever you have to to get rid of those thoughts and feelings, whether it’s healthy or not.
Grounding techniques are different tools that will help you stay rooted in the present moment. They calm your thoughts, soothe your anxiety, and prevent you from dissociating. Grounding techniques, like the ones below, will give you a healthy way to deal with anxiety, depression, PTSD, or any other negative symptom that is distracting you from living to your full capacity. You’ll be able to break the anxiety cycle.
Not every grounding technique works for every person. Try each technique and see what one works best for you. Each of them is a tool that, if you practice, will help you develop your ability to handle the moments that try to knock you down.
Technique #1: Breathing
Breathing gives you something to focus on and control as well as providing much-needed oxygen to your brain. It will center you in the moment, combating your depression or anxiety.
You don’t need any fancy gadgets for breathing, which makes it perfect for any and every situation. It’s a learnable skill that can be incredibly effective the more you practice. So how do you practice?
Sit down somewhere comfortable where you won’t be disturbed. Now you’re ready to start.
Inhale through your nose for four counts.
Hold your breath for two counts.
Exhale through your nose for six counts.
Adjust the heartbeat count as you feel necessary—if you’re combating depression, try doing longer inhales and shorter exhales; if you’re combating anxiety, try shorter inhales and longer exhales. As you count heartbeats, you may find your mind wandering. That’s okay. Just bring your thoughts back to your breathing and relax into the moment.
Need more? Check out our breathing video that walks you through the process.
Technique #2: Progressive Muscle Relaxation
This particular technique can help reduce anxiety, stress, and muscle tension. When you’re in intense situations, you can tense your muscles without realizing it. Progressive muscle relaxation will help you relax your entire body, and, in the process, relax your mind as well.
Pick a muscle group to start with. (Generally people will start at either the top or bottom of their bodies and progress up or down.)
Tense that muscle group.
Tense that muscle group again.
Go through your entire body, one muscle group at a time, tensing and relaxing each twice. Don’t forget to breathe!
Need more? Check out our progressive muscle relaxation video that walks you through the process.
Technique #3: Guided Imagery
This technique uses your senses. It guides your thoughts and directs your mind to a “happy place” where you can calm yourself. Although it’s happening in your mind, your brain will treat it as though it’s really happening.
You can walk yourself through an imaginary scenario, or you can watch videos or listen to recordings that will take you through one.
Need more? Check out our guided imagery video that walks you through the process.
Technique #4: Mindfulness
Practicing mindfulness can benefit you in every aspect of your life, but it’s especially beneficial to keep you grounded in the moment. Mindfulness can help you regulate your emotions. Depression and anxiety force you to live in the past or the future, but mindfulness brings you back to the present. Below is one way to practice mindfulness.
Notice your surroundings.
Name one of your five senses and focus on it for five minutes. For example: “This is my sense of smell. I can smell my perfume, spaghetti sauce in the kitchen, my daughter’s strawberry shampoo…”
Go through all of your senses, focusing on each one for as long as you can.
Notice every small detail without assigning judgment to it. Don’t bring emotions into it. Just notice things and move on.
Don’t forget to breathe.
Need more? Check out our mindfulness video for some ways to be more mindful.
As mentioned above, find the grounding technique that works best for you and keep practicing it. Though your triggering moments may never go away, you’ll have an arsenal to use against them as you move along on your healing journey.